Nikoguru

Verbos Irregulares em Inglês

  • por em 18 de maio de 2021

Apesar da conjugação e o tempo verbal serem bem mais simples na língua inglesa do que o português, existem algumas exceções: os verbos irregulares. Ao contrário dos verbos regulares, os verbos irregulares do inglês não seguem um padrão quando conjugados no passado. Assim eles são escritos de uma forma diferente e sem a terminação “ed“. Só tem um caminho para dominar esses verbos, são conhecê-los e as suas formas do passado e particípio. Let’s go!

INFINITIVO

PASSADO SIMPLES

PARTICÍPIO PASSADO

TRADUÇÃO

to arise

arose

arisen

erguer, levantar

to awake

awoke

awoken

acordar, despertar-se

to be

was / were

been

ser, estar, ficar

to bear

bore

borne

suportar, aguentar

to beat

beat

beaten

bater, superar, vencer, derrotar, espancar

to become

became

become

tornar-se

to begin

began

begun

começar, iniciar

to bet

bet

bet

apostar

to bite

bit

bitten

morder

to bleed

bled

bled

sangrar

to break

broke

broken

quebrar

to bring

brought

brought

trazer

to build

built

built

construir

to burn

burnt/burned

burnt/burned

queimar

to buy

bought

bought

comprar

to cast

cast

cast

lançar

to catch

caught

caught

pegar, agarrar

to choose

chose

chosen

escolher

to come

came

come

vir

to cost

cost

cost

custar

to cut

cut

cut

cortar

to deal

dealt

dealt

tratar, lidar

to dig

dug

dug

cavar, escavar

to do

did

done

fazer

to draw

drew

drawn

desenhar, traçar, puxar, arrastar

to dream

dreamt / dreamed

dreamt / dreamed

sonhar

to drink

drank

drunk

beber

to drive

drove

driven

dirigir, guiar

to eat

ate

eaten

comer

to fall

fell

fallen

cair, desaguar, abater-se, decrescer, diminuir

to feed

fed

fed

alimentar, nutrir

to feel

felt

felt

sentir, notar

to fight

fought

fought

lutar, brigar

to find

found

found

achar, encontrar

to fit

fitted

fitted

servir, ajustar, adaptar, caber, assentar.

to fly

flew

flown

voar

to forbid

forbade

forbidden

proibir

to forget

forgot

forgotten

esquecer(-se)

to forgive

forgave

forgiven

perdoar

to freeze

froze

frozen

congelar, gelar

to get

got

got / gotten

obter, conseguir

to give

gave

given

dar

to go

went

gone

ir

to grow

grew

grown

crescer, florescer, germinar

to hang

hung

hung

pendurar, suspender

to have

had

had

ter, possuir

to hear

heard

heard

ouvir, escutar, ter notícias

to hide

hid

hidden

esconder(-se), ocultar

to hit

hit

hit

bater, chocar-se

to hold

held

held

segurar, agarrar

to hurt

hurt

hurt

ferir(-se), machucar

to keep

kept

kept

manter, conservar, preservar

to know

knew

known

saber, conhecer

to lay

laid

laid

pôr, colocar, derrubar, deitar

to lead

led

led

conduzir, liderar, dirigir, comandar

to learn

learnt / learned

learnt / learned

aprender, ficar sabendo

to leave

left

left

partir, deixar, sair

to lend

lent

lent

emprestar

to let

let

let

permitir, deixar

to lie

lay

lain

deitar, jazer

to lose

lost

lost

perder

to light

lit

lit

acender, iluminar

to make

made

made

fazer, criar, elaborar

to mean

meant

meant

significar, querer dizer

to meet

met

met

encontrar(-se), reunir(-se)

to misunderstand

misunderstood

misunderstood

entender mal, interpretar mal

to pay

paid

paid

pagar

to partake

partook

partaken

participar

to prove

proved

proved, proven

provar, comprovar

to put

put

put

pôr, colocar

to quit

quit / quitted

quit / quitted

desistir, abandonar

to read

read

read

ler, interpretar

to ride

rode

ridden

cavalgar, andar de bibicleta, carro, etc.

to ring

rang

rung

soar, tocar (campainha, telefone)

to rise

rose

risen

erguer-se, levantar-se

to run

ran

run

correr, apressar-se

to saw

sawed

sawn

serrar

to say

said

said

dizer, afirmar, declarar

to see

saw

seen

ver, perceber

to sell

sold

sold

vender

to send

sent

sent

enviar, mandar

to set

set

set

pôr, dispor, ajustar

to sew

sewed

sewn, sewed

costurar, coser

to shake

shook

shaken

sacudir, agitar, apertar a mão (em cumprimento)

to shave

shaved

shaven / shaved

barbear-se

to shine

shone

shone

brilhar

to shoot

shot

shot

atirar, ferir com tiro

to show

showed

shown

mostrar, apresentar

to sing

sang

sung

cantar

to sink

sank

sunk

afundar

to sit

sat

sat

sentar(-se)

to sleep

slept

slept

dormir

to slide

slid

slid

escorregar, deslizar

to smell

smelt / smelled

smelt / smelled

cheirar

to sow

sowed

sown / sowed

semear

to speak

spoke

spoken

falar

to speed

sped / speeded

sped / speeded

apressar(-se)

to spend

spent

spent

gastar (dinheiro), passar (tempo)

to spoil

spoiled / spoilt

spoiled / spoilt

estragar, destruir, mimar (crianças)

to spread

spread

spread

espalhar, estender

to stand

stood

stood

ficar ou pôr-se de pé

to steal

stole

stolen

roubar, furtar

to stick

stuck

stuck

cravar, fincar

to strike

struck

struck

bater, golpear

to swear

swore

sworn

jurar

to sweep

swept

swept

varrer

to swim

swam

swum

nadar

to swing

swung

swung

balançar

to take

took

taken

tomar, pegar, levar

to teach

taught

taught

ensinar

to tell

told

told

dizer, contar

to think

thought

thought

pensar, achar

to throw

threw

thrown

lançar, atirar

to understand

understood

understood

entender, compreender

to wake

woke

woken

acordar

to wear

wore

worn

vestir, usar, trajar

to wet

wet / wetted

wet / wetted

molhar, umedecer

to win

won

won

ganhar, vencer

to wring

wrung

wrung

espremer, torcer

to write

wrote

written

escrever

** Este texto não reflete, necessariamente, a opinião do Portal UAI.

Categorias:
Inglês
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